General Articles Oral Pathology

Torus palatinus


Torus palatinus

Definition and etiology

Torus palatinus is a developmental malformation of unknown etiology.

Clinical features

It presents as a slow-growing, nodular, lobular or spindled, asymptomatic bony swelling covered by normal mucosa. Characteristically, the lesion appears along the midline of the hard palate.It occurs more often in women, and usually appears during the third decade of life. The diagnosis is based on the clinical findings.

Treatment

Unnecessary unless full denture construction is required.

Palate Tori Removal Procedure
The emergence of Tori Palatinus can hinder placement of prostheses, and infection can spread to the bone or palate. If you have a torus there is no need to remove it unless they get too big or if they interfere with dentures or any other prosthesis. Most people do not need to remove them, only if they cause big problems with your oral health. Generally, the palatal Torus can be left alone as long as they do not interfere with anything.

Tori Removal Surgery - stitches in gums

Tori Removal Surgery – stitches in gums

Torus Palatinus requires surgical removal by maxillofacial surgeon under local or general anesthesia. If you need to remove it, Maxillary Tori reduction surgery reduces the size of the bony growths (exostosis) that make up the palate. Surgical anesthesia is needed for the procedure. Surgical removal of the palatal Tori includes a midpalatal cut and a reflection of the soft tissue. A dental surgeon may induce staining of the palatal torus, for increased visibility during surgery.

Osteogenic periosteum of the palate vault (midpalatal suture) would be extended from time to time, and it will lead to new tensions bone localized in the middle, as the epicenter of the force distribution, and thus removing the torus Palatinus.

Recovery after surgery to reduce maxillary Tori
Most patients do well with the removal of excessive bone growth, and with immediate dentures. Prognosis after surgery is generally excellent, with no known major complications. Possible surgical complications after maxillary Tori reduction can include bleeding, infection, swelling, adverse reactions to anesthesia, and poor healing. The recovery period for the maxillary Tori reduction is usually three to four weeks.



torus palatinus

Torus-palatinus at the midline of the hard palate


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