Cultural Psychiatry with emphasis on its impact on etio-pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical practice, preventive and research activities are topics discussed in this publication which give readers a general conceptual perspective of this field. Cultural aspects of psychiatric diagnosis in DSM-5 in particular and the current status of Cultural Psychiatry in European countries are discussed. Of unique importance to the field of psychosomatics are the reviews on so-called culture-bound syndromes and somatization and culture. Ethnopsychopharmacology, pharmacogenomics, current and future research perspectives in Cultural Psychiatry and bioethical dimensions of cultural psychosomatics are also reviewed. The volume closes with an epilogue and conclusions resulting from the examined topics. Psychiatrists, psychologists, social scientists and other mental health professionals involved in clinical practice and research groups as well as trainees and students will find that this publication provides a cogent perspective of current practice and research issues about a field that has enormous clinical relevance and which, until recently, has been systematically neglected.