Bacterial Identification and Drug Susceptibility Patterns in Pregnant and Non Pregnant UTI Patients PDF
|Author||Syeda Sograh Fatima and Eman Al Mussaed|
|File size||2 MB|
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Bacterial Identification and Drug Susceptibility Patterns in Pregnant and Non Pregnant UTI Patients: This book provides a review of essential research on urinary tract infections (UTIs), as well as a broader perspective on methodologies adopted for the isolation and identification of the bacteria from urine samples of pregnant and non-pregnant women on the basis of their cultural, morphological and biochemical characteristics. The identification is extended to the strain level by means of molecular identification involving BLAST as a bioinformatics tool. The book also addresses the roles of various other bioinformatics tools for tracing the phylogenetic tree and conservation studies among the bacteriocin of the identified bacteria. Lastly, it assesses the antibiotics resistance patterns of these isolates.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is defined as the presence of microbial pathogens in the urinary tract with associated symptoms. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common, affect men and women of all ages, and vary dramatically in their presentation and sequelae. They are a common cause of morbidity and can lead to significant mortality. UTIs are one of the most common bacterial infections seen in primary care, second only to infections of the respiratory tract (Pushpalatha 2008). They represent the most common bacterial infection in pregnant and non-pregnant women (Foxman 2002, 2003). Eight million women visit a physician annually for evaluation of UTIs (Schappert 1996) at a direct cost of $659 million (Rosenberg 1999), and aggregate cost of $1.6 billion (Rosenberg 1999; Foxman et al. 2000).
UTI is an inflammatory response of the urothelium to bacterial invasion that is usually associated with bacteriuria and pyuria. Anatomically, urinary tract is divided into an upper portion composed of kidneys, renal pelvis, and ureters and a lower portion made up of urinary bladder and urethra. UTI may involve only the lower urinary tract or both the upper and lower tract. When it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as cystitis and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as pyelonephritis.
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