Cardiovascular Biomechanics PDF
|Author||Peter R. Hoskins and Patricia V. Lawford|
|File size||7.23 MB|
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This book is concerned with cardiovascular biomechanics; this is the study of the function and the structure of the cardiovascular system using the methods of mechanics. It has become clear that this area lies at the heart of all the major cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and aneurysms; diseases which are responsible for some one-third of world’s deaths. The underpinning principle which will be referred to several times in this book is that the cardiovascular system adapts in order to normalise its own mechanical environment. The cardiovascular system is able to do this because mechanical forces are sensed by tissues, and deviations from ‘normal’ result in biological changes which affect structure. The study of cardiovascular biomechanics therefore requires an interdisciplinary approach involving biology, medicine, physics, engineering and mathematics. This book is an introductory text suitable for students and practitioners in all these different fields. The book is suitable as a textbook to accompany a final-year undergraduate or masters (M.Sc.) course with roughly one or two lectures per chapter. It is also suitable as a first text for researchers and practitioners in cardiovascular biomechanics. The book is divided into four main sections; introductory Chaps. 1 – 2 , Chaps. 3 – 8 on biomechanics of different components of the cardiovascular system, Chaps. 9 – 13 on methods used to investigate cardiovascular biomechanics (in clinical practice and research), and Chaps. 14 – 17 written from a perspective of diseases and interventions. There are two appendixes; one with questions for each chapter (multiple-choice questions, short-answer and long-answer questions), one with a glossary of 900+ terms.
In order that the book is accessible by a mixed audience the text concentrates on explanations of physical principles without the use of complex mathematics. A few simple equations are used and there are no derivations of equations. The book is heavily illustrated with examples drawn from modern investigative techniques including medical imaging and computational modelling. Cardiovascular biomechanics is a field that continues to evolve. Each chapter includes a number of key references so that the interested reader can use this book as a bridge to the research literature.