Mnemonics for Radiologists and FRCR 2B Viva Preparation: A Systematic Approach PDF
|Author||Phillip Yoong and William Bugg|
|File size||1.79 MB|
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Revising for the final FRCR examination is a challenging task. You must balance your revision time between image interpretation practice, learning facts and refining presentation skills. While it is better to gain an understanding of the underlying mechanisms that result in a radiological abnormality, it is an unavoidable truth that some things just have to be rote learned. This involves long lists of differential diagnoses, which include both frequently seen and exceptionally rare conditions. Some of these rarer topics are more frequently encountered in the exam than in normal dayto- day radiology practice. It can be difficult to memorise the numerous conditions associated with a certain radiological appearance. We believe mnemonics can be of assistance. A mnemonic is a tool used to aid information retention. The word originates from Ancient Greek and the name for the goddess of memory, Mnemosyne. Mnemonics in medical practice typically use word-based cues to enhance memory, reduce cognitive load and aid learning.
In this book, each mnemonic is either an acronym (an abbreviation, pronounced as a word, formed from the first letters of several particular pieces of information) or an acrostic (a sentence in which the first letter of each word refers to a piece of information beginning with the same letter). Some are well known to radiology and others are the product of our sleep-deprived imagination. We found mnemonics very useful not only in aiding our rote learning but also in organising our revision. Each case shown in this book is presented in the same way. First, a film is presented with a radiological finding for which there is a set of differential diagnoses.
This is followed by a mnemonic, listing the most relevant diagnoses with the exam in mind. For each stem of each mnemonic, the main radiological findings and useful distinguishing features are listed. A model answer is given for each case, written as you might present it in the viva examination. A short discussion of the main diagnoses follows, with some practical advice and some tips and tricks that may make your life easier. This book does not aim to list every possible differential diagnosis associated with each particular radiological finding presented. There are very good, much larger books that do this already. We recommend that you use these books in combination with our own when preparing for the exam. We aim to demonstrate a mechanism for organising your thoughts, focusing your revision on the more important diagnoses and providing some clarity when confronted with the mountain of information that you will be expected to retain and recall during your all-important viva examination and throughout your career.