Cervical Spine Anatomy

Cervical Spine Anatomy

General Vertebral Anatomy

  • Body
  • Vertebral Arch
  • Pedicles
  • Laminae
  • Vertebral Foramen
  • Spinous Process
  • Facets
  • Superior Articulating Surface
  • Inferior Articulating Surface
  • Transverse Process
  • Intervertebral Foramen

Distinguishing Features of Cervical Vertebrae

  • Transverse foramina
  • C1 transverse process
  • Spinous Processes
  • C6 and C7
  • C3-C6 = bifurcate
  • None for C1
  • Articulating Facets

Atlas

Cervical Spine Anatomy

Atlas

  • 1st Cervical Vertabrae
  • Lack of Body
  • Superior Articular Foveae
  • Inferior Articulating Foveae
  • Fovea Dentis

Axis

Cervical Spine Anatomy

Axis

 

  • C2
  • Dens
  • Rotation between skull and atlas

C7

  • Body
  • Spinous process
  • Transverse Foramina
  • Anterior element

Articulations within cervical region

  • Lateral Atlantoaxial Joints
  • Superior facets and inferior facets of atlas
  • Flat and in transverse plane
  • Rotation
  • Side toward rotation
  • Side away from rotation
  • Median Atlantoaxial Joints
  • Dens of axis and anterior arch of atlas
  • Tectorial membrane
  • Cruciform ligament

Read more in the Attached Lecture

PPT Lecture Note On Cervical Spine Anatomy

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