Heart disease – Coronary Artery Disease
|heart disease – Coronary Artery Disease|
Coronary artery disease occurs when a substance called plaque builds up in the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits, which can
accumulate in your arteries. When this happens, your arteries can narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.
|Test||What it Does|
|ECD or EKG (electrocardiogram)||Measures the electrical activity, rate, and regularity of your heartbeat.|
|Echocardiogram||Uses ultrasound to create a picture of the heart.|
|Exercise stress test||Measures your heart rate while you walk on a treadmill. This helps to determine how well your heart is working when it has to pump more blood.|
|Chest X-ray||Creates a picture of the heart, lungs, and other organs in the chest.|
|Cardiac catheterization||Checks the inside of your arteries for blockage by threading a thin, flexible tube through an artery in the groin, arm, or neck to reach the coronary artery. Can measure blood pressure and flow in the heart’s chambers, collect blood samples from the heart, or inject dye into the coronary arteries.|
|Coronary angiogram||Monitors blockage and flow of blood through the heart. Uses X-rays to detect dye injected via cardiac catheterization.|
If you have CAD, there are steps you can take to lower your risk for having a heart attack or worsening heart disease. Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes such as eating a healthier diet, exercising, and not smoking.