Medicinal Plants Utilisation & Conservation PDF
Mwingi District lies within the Kenyan Arid and Semiarid lands (ASALs) in Eastern Province. Although some ethnobotanical surveys have been undertaken in some arid and semiarid areas of Kenya limited studies have documented priority medicinal plants as well as local people’s awareness of conservation needs of these plants. This study sought to establish the priority traditional medicinal plants used for human livestock healthcare and those used for protecting stored grains against pest infestation in Mwingi district. Further the status of knowledge among the local people on the threat and conservation status of important medicinal species was documented. This study identified 18 species which were regarded as priority traditional medicinal plants for human health. In terms of priority 8 were classified as moderate 6 high while 4 were ranked highest priority species. These four species are Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boiv. (Mimosacaeae) Aloe secundiflora (Engl. (Aloaceae) Acalypha fruticosa Forssk. (Euphorbiaceae) and Salvadora persica L. (Salvadoraceae).