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Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF

Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF Free Download

Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF Free Download
E-BOOK DESCRIPTION
Clinical neuroscience is a branch of neuroscience that involves the scientific study of mechanisms that underlie disorders and diseases of the brain and central nervous system. The focus of this text is on psychological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases that affect a startling percentage of the population. The World Health Organization recently reported that depression is the leading cause of disability and ill health worldwide, with approximately 300 million people living with depression (WHO, March, 2018). In the United States, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) recently reported that one in six adults live with a mental illness, representing 18.3% of the adult population. According to NIMH, approximately 50% of adolescents experience any level of mental health disorder (mild, moderate, severe), and 13% of children age 8–15 experience a severe psychological disorder prior to adulthood. When these figures are examined further, they reveal that rates of psychological disorders are higher among women and adults age 18–25 years, and among adults reporting two or more races. Rates of mental health disorders are particularly high among vulnerable populations, including the homeless, prisoners, and juveniles involved with the justice system.

With regard to treatment, the majority of children and adults living with psychological disorders do not receive appropriate mental health services, and minority populations are less likely to have access to needed services. For example, NIMH reported that African Americans and Hispanic Americans use mental health services at about one-half the rate of Caucasian Americans (NIMH; Noonan, Velasco-Mondragon, & Wagner, 2016). Clearly, a greater understanding of the etiology of psychological disorders is needed in order to develop appropriate preventative and treatment programs for all segments of the population, particularly those most at risk.With regard to neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia in those over the age of 65. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease, and current treatments do not reverse or cure the disease. Alzheimer’s is estimated to affect 44 million individuals worldwide, and the numbers of patients with this disease are expected to double nearly every 20 years. In the United States, approximately 5.3 million Americans have the disease, and this number is projected to increase to 13.8 million by 2050 (Du, Wang, & Geng, 2018). The economic cost of the disease is substantial; approximately $226 billion was spent for long-term care, hospice, and general health care of patients 65 and older with dementia in 2015, according to the Alzheimer’s Association. Parkinson’s disease is also a progressive neurodegenerative disease and is estimated to affect seven to ten million individuals worldwide (Aarsland et al., 2010). Parkinson’s disease is classified as movement disorder, although most patients with the disease exhibit a wide variety of non-motor symptoms, including cognitive impairment, depression and anxiety, psychotic symptoms, fatigue, urinary problems, and sleep disorders (Santiago, Bottero, & Potashkin, 2017). Although genetic factors play a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, the etiologic underpinnings of both diseases remain a mystery.

Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF Free Download, Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF Ebook Free