Clinical Neuroscience Foundations of Psychological and Neurodegenerative Disorders 2nd Edition PDF Free Download
With regard to treatment, the majority of children and adults living with psychological disorders do not receive appropriate mental health services, and minority populations are less likely to have access to needed services. For example, NIMH reported that African Americans and Hispanic Americans use mental health services at about one-half the rate of Caucasian Americans (NIMH; Noonan, Velasco-Mondragon, & Wagner, 2016). Clearly, a greater understanding of the etiology of psychological disorders is needed in order to develop appropriate preventative and treatment programs for all segments of the population, particularly those most at risk.With regard to neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia in those over the age of 65. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease, and current treatments do not reverse or cure the disease. Alzheimer’s is estimated to affect 44 million individuals worldwide, and the numbers of patients with this disease are expected to double nearly every 20 years. In the United States, approximately 5.3 million Americans have the disease, and this number is projected to increase to 13.8 million by 2050 (Du, Wang, & Geng, 2018). The economic cost of the disease is substantial; approximately $226 billion was spent for long-term care, hospice, and general health care of patients 65 and older with dementia in 2015, according to the Alzheimer’s Association. Parkinson’s disease is also a progressive neurodegenerative disease and is estimated to affect seven to ten million individuals worldwide (Aarsland et al., 2010). Parkinson’s disease is classified as movement disorder, although most patients with the disease exhibit a wide variety of non-motor symptoms, including cognitive impairment, depression and anxiety, psychotic symptoms, fatigue, urinary problems, and sleep disorders (Santiago, Bottero, & Potashkin, 2017). Although genetic factors play a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, the etiologic underpinnings of both diseases remain a mystery.