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Fluoride in Drinking Water PDF

Fluoride in Drinking Water PDF Free Download

Fluoride in Drinking Water PDF Free Download


In 1986, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established a maximum-contaminant-level goal (MCLG) of 4 milligrams per liter (mg/L) and a secondary maximum contaminant level (SMCL) of 2 mg/L for fluoride in drinking water. These exposure values are not recommendations for the artificial fluoridation of drinking water, but are guidelines for areas in the United States that are contaminated or have high concentrations of naturally occurring fluoride. The goal of the MCLG is to establish an exposure guideline to prevent adverse health effects in the general population, and the goal of the SMCL is to reduce the occurrence of adverse cosmetic consequences from exposure to fluoride.Both the MCLG and the SMCL are nonenforceable guidelines. The regulatory standard for drinking water is the maximum contaminant level (MCL), which is set as close to the MCLG as possible, with the use of the best technology available. For fluoride, the MCL is the same as the MCLG of 4 mg/L. In 1993, a previous committee of the National Research Council (NRC) reviewed the health effects of ingested fluoride and EPA’s MCL. It concluded that the MCL was an appropriate interim standard, but that further research was needed to fill data gaps on total exposures to fluoride and its toxicity. Because new research on fluoride is now available and because the Safe Drinking Water Act requires periodic reassessment of regulations for drinking water contaminants, EPA requested that the NRC evaluate the adequacy of its MCLG and SMCL for fluoride to protect public health. In response to EPA’s request, the NRC convened the Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water, which prepared this report.[/mks_toggle]

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