Free Medical Books

Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF

Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF Free Download

Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF
Author Pablo A. Ureña Torres
File size 10.18 MB
Year 2016
Pages 574
Language English
File format PDF
Category
Download PDF

How to Download From Am-Medicine

Book Description

Vitamin D deficiency circulating levels lower than 15 ng/ml is an epidemic disease worldwide with  more than a billion people suffering of it in the beginning of the 21-century. Besides its impact on mineral and bone metabolism these low vitamin D levels are also associated with a diversity of non-skeletal complications among them cardiovascular disease diabetes mellitus multiple sclerosis cancer tuberculosis and immune system dysfunction. Chronic Kidney Disease is also a very common disease affecting more than 10% of the world population ranging from stage 1 to stage 5 before dialysis. Approximately 1% of the population in industrialized countries is affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD) needing a renal replacement therapy either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis and ultimately by renal transplantation. Those CKD patients are more susceptible to exhibit reduced vitamin D stocks. Consequently more than eighty percent of CKD patients have either insufficient or deficient vitamin D levels for multiple reasons.

Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF Free Download Vitamin D in Chronic Kidney Disease 2016 PDF Ebook